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Sourcecode: icecast2 version File versions

sock.c

/* -*- c-basic-offset: 4; -*- */
/* sock.c: General Socket Functions
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1999 the icecast team
 *
 *  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
 *  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 *  version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *  Library General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
 *  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free
 *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
 #include <config.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SELECT_H
#include <sys/select.h>
#endif

#ifndef _WIN32
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/tcp.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#else
#include <winsock2.h>
#define vsnprintf _vsnprintf
#define EINPROGRESS WSAEINPROGRESS
#define ENOTSOCK WSAENOTSOCK
#define EWOULDBLOCK WSAEWOULDBLOCK
#define EALREADY WSAEALREADY
#define socklen_t    int
#ifndef __MINGW32__
#define va_copy(ap1, ap2) memcpy(&ap1, &ap2, sizeof(va_list))
#endif
#endif

#include "sock.h"
#include "resolver.h"

/* sock_initialize
**
** initializes the socket library.  you must call this
** before using the library!
*/
void sock_initialize(void)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
    WSADATA wsad;
    WSAStartup(0x0101, &wsad);
#endif

    resolver_initialize();
}

/* sock_shutdown
**
** shutdown the socket library.  remember to call this when you're
** through using the lib
*/
void sock_shutdown(void)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
    WSACleanup();
#endif

    resolver_shutdown();
}

/* sock_get_localip
**
** gets the local ip address for the machine
** the ip it returns *should* be on the internet.
** in any case, it's as close as we can hope to get
** unless someone has better ideas on how to do this
*/
char *sock_get_localip(char *buff, int len)
{
    char temp[1024];

    if (gethostname(temp, sizeof(temp)) != 0)
        return NULL;

    if (resolver_getip(temp, buff, len))
        return buff;

    return NULL;
}

/* sock_error
** 
** returns the last socket error
*/
int sock_error(void)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
    return WSAGetLastError();
#else
    return errno;
#endif
}

static void sock_set_error(int val)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
     WSASetLastError (val);
#else
     errno = val;
#endif
}

/* sock_recoverable
**
** determines if the socket error is recoverable
** in terms of non blocking sockets
*/
int sock_recoverable(int error)
{
    switch (error)
    {
    case 0:
    case EAGAIN:
    case EINTR:
    case EINPROGRESS:
#if defined(EWOULDBLOCK) && EWOULDBLOCK != EAGAIN
    case EWOULDBLOCK:
#endif
#ifdef ERESTART
    case ERESTART:
#endif
        return 1;
    default:
        return 0;
    }
}

int sock_stalled (int error)
{
    switch (error)
    {
    case EAGAIN:
    case EINPROGRESS:
    case EALREADY:
#if defined(EWOULDBLOCK) && EWOULDBLOCK != EAGAIN
    case EWOULDBLOCK:
#endif
#ifdef ERESTART
    case ERESTART:
#endif
        return 1;
    default:
        return 0;
    }
}


static int sock_connect_pending (int error)
{
    return error == EINPROGRESS || error == EALREADY;
}

/* sock_valid_socket
**
** determines if a sock_t represents a valid socket
*/
int sock_valid_socket(sock_t sock)
{
    int ret;
    int optval;
    socklen_t optlen;

    optlen = sizeof(int);
    /* apparently on windows getsockopt.optval is a char * */
    ret = getsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_TYPE, (void*) &optval, &optlen);

    return (ret == 0);
}

/* inet_aton
**
** turns an ascii ip address into a binary representation
*/
#ifdef _WIN32
int inet_aton(const char *s, struct in_addr *a)
{
    int lsb, b2, b3, msb;

    if (sscanf(s, "%d.%d.%d.%d", &lsb, &b2, &b3, &msb) < 4) {
        return 0;
    }

    a->s_addr = inet_addr(s);
    
    return (a->s_addr != INADDR_NONE);
}
#endif /* _WIN32 */

/* sock_set_blocking
**
** set the sock blocking or nonblocking
** SOCK_BLOCK for blocking
** SOCK_NONBLOCK for nonblocking
*/
int sock_set_blocking(sock_t sock, const int block)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
#ifdef __MINGW32__
    u_long varblock = block;
#else
    int varblock = block;
#endif
#endif

    if ((!sock_valid_socket(sock)) || (block < 0) || (block > 1))
        return SOCK_ERROR;

#ifdef _WIN32
    return ioctlsocket(sock, FIONBIO, &varblock);
#else
    return fcntl(sock, F_SETFL, (block == SOCK_BLOCK) ? 0 : O_NONBLOCK);
#endif
}

int sock_set_nolinger(sock_t sock)
{
    struct linger lin = { 0, 0 };
    return setsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_LINGER, (void *)&lin, 
            sizeof(struct linger));
}

int sock_set_nodelay(sock_t sock)
{
    int nodelay = 1;

    return setsockopt(sock, IPPROTO_TCP, TCP_NODELAY, (void *)&nodelay,
            sizeof(int));
}

int sock_set_keepalive(sock_t sock)
{
    int keepalive = 1;
    return setsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_KEEPALIVE, (void *)&keepalive, 
            sizeof(int));
}

/* sock_close
**
** close the socket
*/
int sock_close(sock_t sock)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
    return closesocket(sock);
#else
    return close(sock);
#endif
}

/* sock_writev
 *
 * write multiple buffers at once, return bytes actually written
 */
#ifdef HAVE_WRITEV

ssize_t sock_writev (int sock, const struct iovec *iov, const size_t count)
{
    return writev (sock, iov, count);
}

#else

ssize_t sock_writev (int sock, const struct iovec *iov, const size_t count)
{
    int i = count, accum = 0, ret;
    const struct iovec *v = iov;

    while (i)
    {
        if (v->iov_base && v->iov_len)
        {
            ret = sock_write_bytes (sock, v->iov_base, v->iov_len);
            if (ret == -1 && accum==0)
                return -1;
            if (ret == -1)
                ret = 0;
            accum += ret;
            if (ret < (int)v->iov_len)
                break;
        }
        v++;
        i--;
    }
    return accum;
}

#endif

/* sock_write_bytes
**
** write bytes to the socket
** this function will _NOT_ block
*/
int sock_write_bytes(sock_t sock, const void *buff, const size_t len)
{
    /* sanity check */
    if (!buff) {
        return SOCK_ERROR;
    } else if (len <= 0) {
        return SOCK_ERROR;
    } /*else if (!sock_valid_socket(sock)) {
        return SOCK_ERROR;
    } */

    return send(sock, buff, len, 0);
}

/* sock_write_string
**
** writes a string to a socket
** This function must only be called with a blocking socket.
*/
int sock_write_string(sock_t sock, const char *buff)
{
    return (sock_write_bytes(sock, buff, strlen(buff)) > 0);
}

/* sock_write
**
** write a formatted string to the socket
** this function must only be called with a blocking socket.
** will truncate the string if it's greater than 1024 chars.
*/
int sock_write(sock_t sock, const char *fmt, ...)
{
    int rc;
    va_list ap;

    va_start (ap, fmt);
    rc = sock_write_fmt (sock, fmt, ap);
    va_end (ap);

    return rc;
}

#ifdef HAVE_OLD_VSNPRINTF
int sock_write_fmt(sock_t sock, const char *fmt, va_list ap)
{
    va_list ap_local;
    unsigned int len = 1024;
    char *buff = NULL;
    int ret;

    /* don't go infinite, but stop at some huge limit */
    while (len < 2*1024*1024)
    {
        char *tmp = realloc (buff, len);
        ret = -1;
        if (tmp == NULL)
            break;
        buff = tmp;
        va_copy (ap_local, ap);
        ret = vsnprintf (buff, len, fmt, ap_local);
        if (ret > 0)
        {
            ret = sock_write_bytes (sock, buff, ret);
            break;
        }
        len += 8192;
    }
    free (buff);
    return ret;
}
#else
int sock_write_fmt(sock_t sock, const char *fmt, va_list ap)
{
    char buffer [1024], *buff = buffer;
    int len;
    int rc = SOCK_ERROR;
    va_list ap_retry;

    va_copy (ap_retry, ap);

    len = vsnprintf (buff, sizeof (buffer), fmt, ap);

    if (len > 0)
    {
        if ((size_t)len < sizeof (buffer))   /* common case */
            rc = sock_write_bytes(sock, buff, (size_t)len);
        else
        {
            /* truncated */
            buff = malloc (++len);
            if (buff)
            {
                len = vsnprintf (buff, len, fmt, ap_retry);
                if (len > 0)
                    rc = sock_write_bytes (sock, buff, len);
                free (buff);
            }
        }
    }
    va_end (ap_retry);

    return rc;
}
#endif


int sock_read_bytes(sock_t sock, char *buff, const int len)
{

    /*if (!sock_valid_socket(sock)) return 0; */
    if (!buff) return 0;
    if (len <= 0) return 0;

    return recv(sock, buff, len, 0);
}

/* sock_read_line
**
** Read one line of at max len bytes from sock into buff.
** If ok, return 1 and nullterminate buff. Otherwize return 0.
** Terminating \n is not put into the buffer.
**
** this function will probably not work on sockets in nonblocking mode
*/
int sock_read_line(sock_t sock, char *buff, const int len)
{
    char c = '\0';
    int read_bytes, pos;
  
    /*if (!sock_valid_socket(sock)) {
        return 0;
    } else*/ if (!buff) {
        return 0;
    } else if (len <= 0) {
        return 0;
    }

    pos = 0;
    read_bytes = recv(sock, &c, 1, 0);

    if (read_bytes < 0) {
        return 0;
    }

    while ((c != '\n') && (pos < len) && (read_bytes == 1)) {
        if (c != '\r')
            buff[pos++] = c;
        read_bytes = recv(sock, &c, 1, 0);
    }
    
    if (read_bytes == 1) {
        buff[pos] = '\0';
        return 1;
    } else {
        return 0;
    }
}

/* see if a connection has been established. If timeout is < 0 then wait
 * indefinitely, else wait for the stated number of seconds.
 * return SOCK_TIMEOUT for timeout
 * return SOCK_ERROR for failure
 * return 0 for try again, interrupted
 * return 1 for ok 
 */
int sock_connected (int sock, int timeout)
{
    fd_set wfds;
    int val = SOCK_ERROR;
    socklen_t size = sizeof val;
    struct timeval tv, *timeval = NULL;

    /* make a timeout of <0 be indefinite */
    if (timeout >= 0)
    {
        tv.tv_sec = timeout;
        tv.tv_usec = 0;
        timeval = &tv;
    }

    FD_ZERO(&wfds);
    FD_SET(sock, &wfds);

    switch (select(sock + 1, NULL, &wfds, NULL, timeval))
    {
        case 0:
            return SOCK_TIMEOUT;
        default:
            /* on windows getsockopt.val is defined as char* */
            if (getsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_ERROR, (void*) &val, &size) == 0)
            {
                if (val == 0)
                    return 1;
                sock_set_error (val);
            }
            /* fall through */
        case -1:
            if (sock_recoverable (sock_error()))
                return 0;
            return SOCK_ERROR;
    }
}

#ifdef HAVE_GETADDRINFO

int sock_connect_non_blocking (const char *hostname, const unsigned port)
{
    int sock = SOCK_ERROR;
    struct addrinfo *ai, *head, hints;
    char service[8];

    memset (&hints, 0, sizeof (hints));
    hints.ai_family = AF_UNSPEC;
    hints.ai_socktype = SOCK_STREAM;

    snprintf (service, sizeof (service), "%u", port);

    if (getaddrinfo (hostname, service, &hints, &head))
        return SOCK_ERROR;

    ai = head;
    while (ai)
    {
        if ((sock = socket (ai->ai_family, ai->ai_socktype, ai->ai_protocol)) 
                > -1)
        {
            sock_set_blocking (sock, SOCK_NONBLOCK);
            if (connect(sock, ai->ai_addr, ai->ai_addrlen) < 0 && 
                    !sock_connect_pending(sock_error()))
            {
                sock_close (sock);
                sock = SOCK_ERROR;
            }
            else
                break;
        }
        ai = ai->ai_next;
    }
    if (head) freeaddrinfo (head);
    
    return sock;
}

/* issue a connect, but return after the timeout (seconds) is reached. If
 * timeout is 0 or less then we will wait until the OS gives up on the connect
 * The socket is returned
 */
sock_t sock_connect_wto(const char *hostname, int port, int timeout)
{
    int sock = SOCK_ERROR;
    struct addrinfo *ai, *head, hints;
    char service[8];

    memset (&hints, 0, sizeof (hints));
    hints.ai_family = AF_UNSPEC;
    hints.ai_socktype = SOCK_STREAM;
    snprintf (service, sizeof (service), "%u", port);

    if (getaddrinfo (hostname, service, &hints, &head))
        return SOCK_ERROR;

    ai = head;
    while (ai)
    {
        if ((sock = socket (ai->ai_family, ai->ai_socktype, ai->ai_protocol)) >= 0)
        {
            if (timeout > 0)
                sock_set_blocking (sock, SOCK_NONBLOCK);

            if (connect (sock, ai->ai_addr, ai->ai_addrlen) == 0)
                break;

            /* loop as the connect maybe async */
            while (sock != SOCK_ERROR)
            {
                if (sock_recoverable (sock_error()))
                {
                    int connected = sock_connected (sock, timeout);
                    if (connected == 0)  /* try again, interrupted */
                        continue;
                    if (connected == 1) /* connected */
                    {
                        if (timeout >= 0)
                            sock_set_blocking(sock, SOCK_BLOCK);
                        break;
                    }
                }
                sock_close (sock);
                sock = SOCK_ERROR;
            }
            if (sock != SOCK_ERROR)
                break;
        }
        ai = ai->ai_next;
    }
    if (head)
        freeaddrinfo (head);

    return sock;
}

#else

int sock_try_connection (int sock, const char *hostname, const unsigned port)
{
    struct sockaddr_in sin, server;
    char ip[MAX_ADDR_LEN];

    if (!hostname || !hostname[0] || port == 0)
        return -1;

    memset(&sin, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
    memset(&server, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));

    if (!resolver_getip(hostname, ip, MAX_ADDR_LEN))
    {
        sock_close (sock);
        return -1;
    }

    if (inet_aton(ip, (struct in_addr *)&sin.sin_addr) == 0)
    {
        sock_close(sock);
        return -1;
    }

    memcpy(&server.sin_addr, &sin.sin_addr, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));

    server.sin_family = AF_INET;
    server.sin_port = htons(port);

    return connect(sock, (struct sockaddr *)&server, sizeof(server));
}

int sock_connect_non_blocking (const char *hostname, const unsigned port)
{
    int sock;

    sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (sock == -1)
        return -1;

    sock_set_blocking (sock, SOCK_NONBLOCK);
    sock_try_connection (sock, hostname, port);
    
    return sock;
}

sock_t sock_connect_wto(const char *hostname, const int port, const int timeout)
{
    int sock;

    sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (sock == -1)
        return -1;

    if (timeout)
    {
        sock_set_blocking (sock, SOCK_NONBLOCK);
        if (sock_try_connection (sock, hostname, port) < 0)
        {
            int ret = sock_connected (sock, timeout);
            if (ret <= 0)
            {
                sock_close (sock);
                return SOCK_ERROR;
            }
        }
        sock_set_blocking(sock, SOCK_BLOCK);
    }
    else
    {
        if (sock_try_connection (sock, hostname, port) < 0)
        {
            sock_close (sock);
            sock = SOCK_ERROR;
        }
    }
    return sock;
}
#endif


/* sock_get_server_socket
**
** create a socket for incoming requests on a specified port and
** interface.  if interface is null, listen on all interfaces.
** returns the socket, or SOCK_ERROR on failure
*/
sock_t sock_get_server_socket(const int port, char *sinterface)
{
#ifdef HAVE_INET_PTON
    struct sockaddr_storage sa;
#else    
    struct sockaddr_in sa;
#endif
    int family, len, error, opt;
    sock_t sock;
    char ip[MAX_ADDR_LEN];

    if (port < 0)
        return SOCK_ERROR;

    /* defaults */
    memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));
    family = AF_INET;
    len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);

    /* set the interface to bind to if specified */
    if (sinterface != NULL) {
        if (!resolver_getip(sinterface, ip, sizeof (ip)))
            return SOCK_ERROR;

#ifdef HAVE_INET_PTON
        if (inet_pton(AF_INET, ip, &((struct sockaddr_in*)&sa)->sin_addr) > 0) {
            ((struct sockaddr_in*)&sa)->sin_family = AF_INET;
            ((struct sockaddr_in*)&sa)->sin_port = htons(port);
        } else if (inet_pton(AF_INET6, ip, 
                    &((struct sockaddr_in6*)&sa)->sin6_addr) > 0) {
            family = AF_INET6;
            len = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in6);
            ((struct sockaddr_in6*)&sa)->sin6_family = AF_INET6;
            ((struct sockaddr_in6*)&sa)->sin6_port = htons(port);
        } else {
            return SOCK_ERROR;
        }
#else
        if (!inet_aton(ip, &sa.sin_addr)) {
            return SOCK_ERROR;
        } else {
            sa.sin_family = AF_INET;
            sa.sin_port = htons(port);
        }
#endif
    } else {
        ((struct sockaddr_in*)&sa)->sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
        ((struct sockaddr_in*)&sa)->sin_family = AF_INET;
        ((struct sockaddr_in*)&sa)->sin_port = htons(port);
    }

    /* get a socket */
    sock = socket(family, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (sock == -1)
        return SOCK_ERROR;

    /* reuse it if we can */
    opt = 1;
    setsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, (const void *)&opt, sizeof(int));
    
    /* bind socket to port */
    error = bind(sock, (struct sockaddr *)&sa, len);
    if (error == -1)
        return SOCK_ERROR;

    return sock;
}

int sock_listen(sock_t serversock, int backlog)
{
    if (!sock_valid_socket(serversock))
        return 0;

    if (backlog <= 0)
        backlog = 10;

    return (listen(serversock, backlog) == 0);
}

int sock_accept(sock_t serversock, char *ip, int len)
{
#ifdef HAVE_INET_PTON
    struct sockaddr_storage sa;
#else    
    struct sockaddr_in sa;
#endif
    int ret;
    socklen_t slen;

    if (!sock_valid_socket(serversock))
        return SOCK_ERROR;

    slen = sizeof(sa);
    ret = accept(serversock, (struct sockaddr *)&sa, &slen);

    if (ret >= 0 && ip != NULL) {
#ifdef HAVE_INET_PTON
        if(((struct sockaddr_in *)&sa)->sin_family == AF_INET) 
            inet_ntop(AF_INET, &((struct sockaddr_in *)&sa)->sin_addr,
                    ip, len);
        else if(((struct sockaddr_in6 *)&sa)->sin6_family == AF_INET6) 
            inet_ntop(AF_INET6, &((struct sockaddr_in6 *)&sa)->sin6_addr, 
                    ip, len);
        else {
            strncpy(ip, "ERROR", len-1);
            ip[len-1] = 0;
        }
#else
        /* inet_ntoa is not reentrant, we should protect this */
        strncpy(ip, inet_ntoa(sa.sin_addr), len);
#endif
        sock_set_nolinger(ret);
        sock_set_keepalive(ret);
    }

    return ret;
}


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